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Вьетнам
« : 01/07/09 , 01:42:54 »


Communist Party of Vietnam
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Communist Party of Vietnam
ng Cng sn Vit Nam

Founded   February 3, 1930
Headquarters   Ba nh district, H Ni
Newspaper   Nhn Dn
Ideology   Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Ho Chi Minh's Thought
Website
Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper
Vietnam


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The Communist Party of Vietnam (ng Cng sn Vit Nam) is the currently ruling, as well as the only legal political party in Vietnam. It is a Marxist-Leninist Communist Party supported by (and a part of) the Vietnamese Fatherland Front. In most of the cases, the Vietnamese press and people refer to the Communist Party of Vietnam as "ng" (Party) or "ng ta" (our Party).Contents [hide]
1 History
2 Organization
3 Ideology
4 See also
5 References
6 External links


[edit]
History

The Party was founded by H Ch Minh and other exiles living in China as the Vietnamese Communist Party (Vit Nam ng Cng Sn) at a conference in Hong Kong February 1930.[1] At the Hong Kong conference two competing communist factions, Indochinese Communist Party (ng Dng ng Cng Sn) in Tonkin and the Communist Party of Annam (An Nam ng Cng Sn) in Cochinchina, merged. Although the third Vietnamese communist group, the Indochinese Communist League (ng Dng Cng Sn Lin on) in Annam, had not been invited to the Hong Kong conference its members were allowed to become members of the new united party.

The Hong Kong conference (held in Kowloon City) elected a nine-member Provisional Central Committee, consisting of 3 members from Tonkin, 2 from Annam, 2 from Cochinchina, and 2 from the overseas Chinese community.[2] The latter group had previously been organized within the South Seas Communist Party.

Soon thereafter, at its first plenum the party changed its name to the Indochinese Communist Party (ng Cng Sn ng Dng), on directions from Comintern.[2]

The First National Party Congress was held in secret in Macau in 1935. At the same time, a Comintern congress in Moscow adopted a policy towards a popular front against fascism and directed Communist movements around the world to collaborate with anti-fascist forces regardless of their orientation towards socialism. This required the ICP to regard all nationalist parties in Indochina as potential allies.

The party was formally dissolved in 1945 in order to hide its Communist affiliation and its activities were folded into the Marxism Research Association and the Viet Minh, which had been founded four years earlier as a common front for national liberation. The Party was refounded as the Vietnam Workers' Party (ng lao ng Vit Nam) at the Second National Party Congress in Tuyen Quang in 1951. The Congress was held in territory in north Vietnam controlled by the Viet Minh during the First Indochina War. The Third National Congress, held in Hanoi in 1960 formalized the tasks of constructing socialism in what was by then North Vietnam, or the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) and committed the party to carrying out the revolution of liberation in the South. At the Fourth National Party Congress held in 1976, the Worker Party's of North Vietnam was merged with the People's Revolutionary Party of South Vietnam to form the Communist Party of Vietnam.

[edit]
Organization

The CPV is a Marxist-Leninist party run on democratic centralist lines. The supreme leading body is the Politburo (Political Bureau) headed by the Secretary-General. The Politburo is elected by the Central Committee, and the Central Committee is elected by the National Congress. In 1976, as a result of the unification of North and South Vietnam, the Central Committee was expanded to 133 members from 77 and the Politburo grew from 11 to 17 members while the Secretariat increased from seven to nine members.

Membership in the party doubled from 760,000 in 1966 to 1,553,500 in 1976, representing 3.1 percent of the total population of the country, and was close to two million by 1986.

The title President of the Central Committee, existing during 1951 - 1969, was nominated for Ho Chi Minh. This position is considered to be that of the supreme leader of the Party.

The National Congress of CPV is to be held every five years (since 1976). Due to the war footing during the wars against French and U.S. troops, the first 4 congresses were not fixed to the common time schedule. After the Foundation Conference, 10 national congresses of CPV have been held.
1st Congress, Macau (currently China, then a Portuguese colony), 1935
2nd Congress, Tuyen Quang, 1951
3rd Congress, Hanoi, 1960
4th Congress, Hanoi, 1976
5th Congress, Hanoi, 1982
6th Congress, Hanoi, 1986
7th Congress, Hanoi, 1991
8th Congress, Hanoi, 1996
9th Congress, Hanoi, 2001
10th Congress, Hanoi, 2006

H Ch Minh is Chairman of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1951 to 1969. Ten people have held the First Secretary (1960-1976) and/or General Secretary (1930-1960 and 1976-Present) positions of the CPV, namely:
Trn Ph (1930-1931)
L Hng Phong (1935-1936)
H Huy Tp (1936-1938)
Nguyn Vn C (1938-1940)
Trng Chinh (1941-1956 and 1986)
L Dun (1960-1986)
Nguyn Vn Linh (1986-1991)
 Mi (1991-1997)
L Kh Phiu (1997-2001)
Nng c Mnh (2001- present).

At the Sixth National Party Congress, held in December 1986, Nguyen Van Linh was elected to be the General Secretary while a Politburo of fourteen members was elected and the Central Committee was expanded to 173 members.

At the Ninth National Party Congress in 2001, Nong Duc Manh became the new Secretary-General. He was re-elected for a second term at the Tenth National Party Congress in 2006.

A Party Congress, comprising 1,176 delegates at the Tenth Party Congress in April 2006, meets every 5 years to set the direction of the party and the government. The 160-member official and 21 alternate delegates Central Committee[3], which is elected by the Party Congress, usually meets at least twice a year, with the Politburo meeting more frequently and the Secretariat being responsible for day to day activities under the direction of the Secretary-General.

The present 14-member Politburo, elected in April 2006, determines government policy, and its eight-person Secretariat oversees day-to-day policy implementation. Although there has been some effort to discourage membership in overlapping party and state positions, this practice continues. The Party's Central Military Commission, which is composed of select Politburo members and additional military leaders, determines military policy.

The Party's current Politburo lineup, approved by the Central Committee in April 2006, is as follows:
Nng c Mnh, Party's Secretary-General
L Hng Anh (General), Minister of Public Security
Nguyn Minh Trit, Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Municipal Party Committee (now President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam)
Nguyn Tn Dng, Deputy Prime Minister (now Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam)
Trng Tn Sang, Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of Economic Affairs (now Standing Member of the Central Committee's Secretariat of the Party)
Nguyn Ph Trng, Secretary of the Hanoi City Municipal Party Committee (now Chairman of the National Assembly)
Phm Gia Khim, Deputy Prime Minister
Phm Quang Ngh, Minister of Culture and Information (now Secretary of Ha Noi Municipal Party Committee, replacing Trng)
Nguyn Sinh Hng, Minister of Finance (now Deputy Prime Minister)
Nguyn Vn Chi, Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of Inspection (now concurrently Secretary of the Party's Central Committee)
H c Vit, Chairman of the National Assembly’s Committee for Science, Technology and Environment (now Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of Organisational Affairs)
Phng Quang Thanh, Senior Lieutenant-General, Deputy Minister of Defense,Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People's Army (now Minister of Defense)
Trng Vnh Trng, Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of the Interior (now Deputy Prime Minister and Secretary of the Party's Central Committee)
L Thanh Hi, Chairman of the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee (now Secretary of Ho Chi Minh City Municipal Party Committee, replacing Trit)[4]

Party's Secretary-General, State President, Prime Minister, Chairman of the National Assembly, Standing Member of the Central Committee's Secretariat of the Party is most important members.

The Party's current Secretariat has eight members as follows:
Nng c Mnh
Trng Tn Sang
Trng Vnh Trng
Nguyn Vn Chi
H c Vit
L Vn Dng, senior lieutenant-general, Chairman of the Political General Department of the Vietnam People's Army
Tng Th Phng, Chief of the Party's Central Committee's for People Campaigning (now Deputy Chairwoman of the National Assembly)
T Huy Ra

[5]

At the ninth conference of the Party Central Committee, which closed in 2009 Hanoi, T Huy Ra, Chief of the Central Committee for Propaganda and Education, was elected to the Politburo. Ng Vn D, a member of the Central Communist Party Committee, Chief of the Central Communist Party Committee Office and H Th Khit, also a member of the Central Communist Party Committee and Chief of the Central Committee for People Campaigning, were elected to the Secretariat of the Central Communist Party Committee.

[edit]
Ideology

The Communist Party of Vietnam has claimed Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Ideology to be ideological basis of the Party and the Revolution. Though formally Marxist-Leninist, the Communist Party of Vietnam has moved towards market reforms in the economy (see also i Mi, the Renewal launched by the Sixth Congress of the Party in 1986) and has permitted a growing mid-level private sector. However, the Party retains a monopoly on power.

Оффлайн vasily ivanov

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Re: Вьетнам
« Ответ #1 : 19/01/11 , 20:33:06 »
Избран новый генсек Компартии Вьетнама


19:14 19/01/2011
БАНГКОК, 19 янв - РИА Новости, Евгений Беленький. Новым генеральным секретарем правящей Коммунистической партии Вьетнама (КПВ) избран спикер вьетнамского парламента Нгуен Фу Чонг, пишет в среду вьетнамская газета Viet Nam News.
Генерального секретаря избрал 11-й съезд КПВ, закончившийся в среду в столице страны Ханое. Помимо поста председателя Национального собрания (парламента) Вьетнама, до 11-го съезда Нгуен Фу Чонг занимал и должность главного идеолога партии.
Значительные перестановки произошли в составе политбюро ЦК КПВ. Помимо Нгуен Фу Чонга, в политбюро из 15 его прежних членов остались премьер-министр Вьетнама Нгуен Тан Зунг и Чуонг Тан Санг, который, по мнению экспертов, заменит уходящего в отставку Нгуен Минь Чиета на посту президента страны.
Съезд первоначально увеличил число членов политбюро с 15 до 17. Однако, по сообщению газеты, опубликованному в среду, политбюро было избрано в составе 14 человек. Помимо трех высших руководителей и еще нескольких человек, состоявших в прежнем составе политбюро, на многие должности в руководящем органе партии были избраны члены ЦК, ранее в состав политбюро не избиравшиеся, пишет газета.
Центральный комитет партии, новый состав которого был избран во вторник, состоит из 175 членов и 25 кандидатов в члены. Они избирают состав политбюро, генерального секретаря ЦК партии, секретариат и ревизионную комиссию ЦК. Все эти органы были избраны на съезде во вторник и в среду.
Вслед за съездом правящей партии в Ханое пройдет сессия Национального собрания, на которой будут утверждены в должностях новый президент страны и новый спикер парламента. Кроме того, будут замещены все остальные государственные должности, освободившиеся в связи с уходом ряда руководителей в отставку или переходом на другую работу.
Региональные эксперты считают, что изменения в составе вьетнамского руководства вызваны, прежде всего, необходимостью изменения экономической политики государства, а именно перехода от всемерного поощрения экономического роста к установлению большей стабильности экономики и рынка.
В последние годы темпы роста экономики Вьетнама неизменно превышали 7%, делая ее одной из самых быстроразвивающихся в регионе. Однако влияние недавнего мирового экономического кризиса сказалось и на Вьетнаме - прежде всего, в финансовой и банковской сфере. Эксперты считают, что Вьетнаму сегодня необходимы меры по оздоровлению национальной валюты и стабилизации экономического развития.

http://www.rian.ru/world/20110119/323708083.html

Онлайн Vuntean

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Re: Вьетнам
« Ответ #2 : 10/12/12 , 12:18:04 »

Тоннели и ловушки вьетнамских партизан







http://kukmor.livejournal.com/946439.html

Оффлайн Spartfan

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Re: Вьетнам
« Ответ #3 : 03/03/14 , 22:05:12 »
Интересная вещь эти подземные ходы надо взять на заметку!